Vladimir Sakhnenko: the Nobel Prize proved significance of technical physics

Vladimir Sakhnenko, the Head of the Chair of technical physics of Southern Federal University told about the Chair’s activity and in what way this activity is connected to the Nobel Prize in physics.

- You are the Head of the Chair of technical physics. What questions are of the interest of the Chair? What kinds of specialists are trained there?

- The name of the Chair talks on itself. Here one can obtain wide comprehensive knowledge of physics, aimed on application of scientific and engineering activity.

Technical physics is not typical for a traditional university. Normally such kinds of chairs belong to a technical university. We create directions of education for training engineers with very high level of knowledge in physics and mathematics. Nowadays in the time of high technologies these employees are of high demand. The Chair of technical physics is the field that is able to draw a person who is interested in fundamental science and intended for engineering.

- With what problems copes the Chair?

- There are two main directions: applied physics concerned with research and obtaining of new materials of the widest range, and radioecology. The first direction considers not only materials, as it is technical physics the equipment design prevails – ability to build devices that are able to analyze material’s property. In the university and particularly in the Research Institute of Physics we have great experience in this field and we try to hand this experience to our students. Radioecology does not need to be specially commented; it is clear that mankind should control background radiation and radiation level at places of production. We train specialists in this direction. Some students are engaged in applied nuclear physics problems that have no direct relations to ecology.

- And does it mean that technical physics is applied study?

- Technical physics does not stand out as separate field of science it relates to physics itself. Its importance is expressed at least by the obtaining this year Nobel Prize in physics for technical achievement, bringing to life a peculiar idea. From the name of the work “blue diodes” one can see that it is production of particular item and not discovery of, let me say, the new principle in physics. And this is very close to what we are doing.

- But what is the novelty of “blue diodes”?  Indeed diodes were created first in the sixties of the 20th century?

- Light-emitting diodes convert electric power to light. They are remarkable because they do it with coefficient of performance of fifty percent, because the energy doesn’t dissipate on heating. Light-emitting diodes for red and green parts of spectrum actually exist and in use for quite a long time, but their useless for room illumination. Diodes that emit light in the blue part of spectrum in combination with green and red diodes can provide white light and they could become economy and long-lasting alternative to ordinary light bulbs.

The problem of creation of blue diode was in finding appropriate combination of materials that emit photons with high energy. In nature these materials are very rare.  Necessary combination of materials of gallium nitride on sapphire glass was composed by Shuji Nakamura back to 90s. His invention immediately was found applicable in modern thin screens, in technology of Blu-ray data package, and even water and food treatment. Thus the Nobel Prize was won for technical invention which in use for a long time.

19.12.2014

SFEDU carried out the festival “Ecology of culture”. The diary of the festival

The festival “Ecology of culture” opened on December 2. Representatives of scientific society, specialists in the sphere of cultural heritage and students of Southern Federal University, Rostov Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and other institutions for higher professional education of Rostov-on-Don.

The first week of the festival come to an end

December 3. In CILP-MEDIA-Centre the first lecture of the festival took place (was held). Dr Taisiya Paniotova, professor of the Chair of ethics and esthetics of the Institute of Philosophy and Social and Political Sciences of SFEDU dedicated it to the problem of “Modern challenges and the nakedness (helplessness) of culture”. The main idea of the lecture is necessity of protection of cultural heritage in every aspect.  Talking about tragic fortune of many Rostov monuments, among them are the monuments of Ekaterina II, Alexander II, buildings of temple architecture, well-known artifacts of the city, such as Paramonov’s warehouses, Gorky’s Theater, Hotel “Moskovskaya”, etc., professor specified the different problem that is also very pressing; along with monuments the Russian literature language needs to be protected too, as it expresses national self-identification and culture. The topics of the lecture were of interest of SFEDU’s students and the lively discussion took place after the lecture.

December 4. PhD Ekaterina Shashlova delivered the lecture “Forbidden and Excludable: taboo in culture practices”. Lecturer tried to interpret features of taboo conception in culture practices basing on the reflection of this question of modern philosophy and using methodological optics of M. Foucault, due to that considering this problem obtained unusual and interesting perspective. Special attention was drawn to the fact that taboo is not just the way to construct public cultural space, but also special knowledge that is indissoluble correlates to authority.

December 5. In South Russian Humanitarian Institute Professor Dr Victor Pigulevskiy delivered the lecture “Design and marketing in the modern culture”. Topical presentation of the lecture is a special feature of the lecture. Starting with definition of notions “design” and “marketing” lecturer then analyzed kinds of design. Dr Pigulevskiy compared designers to artists. And a designer is a person that simulates and considers strict parameters and standards. And professor analyzed many marketing approaches, starting with “Singer” and moving to internet browsers wars, talking more peculiar about familiar brands to everybody such as Barbie, Pepsi, and Coca-cola. Many famous people, which opened their business and significantly influenced development of industry and sphere of services were mentioned. Master class of professor Pigulevskiy was of sincere interest of audience, and students regretted that the lecture occurred only in the festival.

December 8. Vitaliy Korobov, honored artist of the Russian Federation, honorary member of the Russian Academy of Arts, professor of the Chair of painting, graphic arts, and sculpture of SFEDU carried out master class.

The master’s studio was the place where the master class was carried out that allowed to immerse into atmosphere of art and to feel immediate touch of it. The topic under discussion was problems of art on the example of painting. Professor Korobov shared to those who presented in the master class his experience and views concerning conception and development of creative process, tasks of an artist, and sources of inspiration.

“An artist finds oneself between a layer of paint and a canvas. If you feel a light and warmth going from their then you will immediately feel the soul of an artist” this is determination of difference between real piece of art and dry handicraft by Vitaliy Korobov. Close to the end of the master class visitors and the artist came to solemn conclusion that fine art is necessary for life of society and a human being.

Further notes of the diary about the second week of the festival coming soon.

 

18.12.2014

SFEDU’s master students took part in the Open German-Russian Workshop

The 9-th Open German-Russian Workshop on Pattern Recognition and Image Understanding (OGRW-9-2014) took place in Koblenz (Germany) from December 1 to December 5 had been carried out. Mikhail Kopeliovich, master student of the second year of study of the Institute of Mathematics, Mechanics, and Computer Sciences represented Southern Federal University.

The leading researchers in the sphere of theory and practice of computer vision and computer-assisted education took part in the conference. Employees of the universities from different countries (Russia, Germany, Croatia, Mexico, Italy, Finland, and Czech Republic) delivered their reports. During the workshop Russian Embassy in Germany returned thanks to organizers and participants of the event for friendly relations between countries.

18.12.2014

 

Degree certificates issued to graduates of MBA programme

Solemn issue of certificates to graduates of MBA programme of Higher School for Business of SFEDU took place on the 3rd of December.

Sergey Dyuzhikov, SFEDU’s Vice-rector for project management in the sphere of public relations, President of Southern Federal University’s Alumni Association addressed a felicitation. Graduates of the programme get MBA diploma on additional education and certificates on accreditation of programme by European Council for Business Education.

Managers who just got their diplomas were invited to enter SFEDU Alumni Association, to take part in the University’s life, events of SFEDU’s centenary, and Alumnus Day that is going to be carried out on 16 May.

Alexey Arkhipov, the Head of MBA Programme, Vladimir Usatyuk and Yuriy Pogrebschikov, lecturers of MBA programme, and Ekaterina Shevchuk, the Head of MBA’s training directorate congratulated graduates and wished them successful career.

Vyacheslav Lopushko, graduate of MBA programme expressed appreciations to lecturers, and spoke out his impression of education and wished to his  course-mates successfully implement obtained knowledge on practice.

 

Reception standing finished the event.

Find details on МВA programme here (Russian)

05.12.2014

Yuriy Schekinov: the fact that space probe landed on a comet nucleus is a technological achievement itself

In the mid October a team of researchers from European Space Agency (ESA) landed Philae Lander on the comet 67P/Churumov-Gerasimenko. We talked to Yuriy Schekinov, the head of the Chair for physics of space about landing on the comet, education, and astrophysics.

 About the Chair

The Chair for Astrophysics by Leonid Marochnik was established. When Marochnik moved to the USA, Aleksey Suchkov, his disciple, inherited the helm. Nowadays four lecturers work in the Chair they have a full stake for everyone. In Russia our group is the most active both in quantity and in quality of publications. We consider wide range of tasks, starting from exoplanets and to astrobiology, physics of stars, galaxies, and one of the employees of RI for Physics engaged in Mars research.

«A chest» that is going to answer all questions

«Philae» is a chest that is a little bigger then common bedside chest, and which weighs 100 kilos. The probe approached to the comet with the speed of 1 meter per second and this is a normal walking speed of a human. The team of researches provided for two alternatives; the first one was Philae has been going to fire two harpoons, which should hitch and anchor the surface of the comet (nucleus) and this should prevent the Lander from falling, this one failed, and the backup one is operating to stop movement, and which was successful. Philae throw out rods of one and a half or two meters long, which can anchor terrain and. The probe felt down quite successfully, there were no changes in regime of landing, following touchdown it is going to implement a simple task that consists of switching on of special experimental equipment. The probe has 10 apparatus built-in. It is hibernating and this allows carrying out several researches. This regime could last for several weeks as measurement devices are of extremely energy saving nature. The most of the battery charge were consumed during landing and anchoring. The most of the difficulties were foreseen by researchers. Just imagine that the probe with size of a bedside chest and spacecraft Rosetta are 500 million kilometers away. Light electromagnetic signal travels this distance 27-28 minutes. The distance is quite long that is why we should treat with respect people who concern this. One can’t take into account everything that belongs to any complicated operation. Of course there are unforeseen situations and emergencies, e.g. a satellite could be lost on the other side of the Earth, or a space rocket fails to take off. Here we have a ten year long experiment that is successful. A small group of scientists should operate anchoring to comet with high accuracy. These people deserve applauding. And moreover the price of the Project is just one and a half billion Euros. Compare this to the cost of building the road from Sochi to Krasnaya Polyana. And the experiment with the Philae is carried out by very small group of people.

Jove or Oort cloud?

Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko is discovered quite recently, astrophysicists, who discovered it, are still alive. It is difficult to examine the comet as it is comparably small body and it emits reflected solar radiance. It is difficult to find out composition and origin of the body taking into account this reflected emissions. To find out where this comet was born Russian and foreign specialists made a push. Normally comets originate from Oort cloud; it is thousand times longer way than from the Earth to the Sun. They have long periods. For instance Comet Galley has period of rotation of approximately 100 years. But comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko has shorter revisiting period. It is orbiting in our vicinity. The size of its orbit is somewhat comparable to the Mars, but it goes further to visit the Jove. One supposition is that it originates from the Jove’s emissions. When I heard it first I thought that this sounded puzzling to me as the Jove a gaseous planet. However in the heart of the Jove under the conditions of definite temperature could present hard particles. It is interesting to know if such kind of emission is possible, and could it become a comet. One can hardly believe that it is originated from the gaseous emission. But several specialists stick to this theory. After gaseous clouds emits, it widens. But it’s very puzzling if the cloud then became a solid body. If this is so than the comet wouldn’t possess the prime material of which the Solar system is originated.

 

 

02.12.2014

SFEDU delegation participates in the forum held in Far Eastern Federal University

 

The Second forum of rectors of leading universities of Russia and the Republic of Korea took place on Russky Island in Far Eastern Federal University. Heads of twelve Russian and thirteen Korean universities discussed questions of internationalization of education considering experience gained by universities of both countries.

Marina Borovskaya, Rector of Southern Federal University headed SFEDU’s delegation. The Forum was held within the frameworks of the General Forum “Dialogue between Russia and the Republic of Korea” in which students and representatives of scientific and public institutions of both countries also take part.

Development of high technologies in the institutions for higher professional education of both countries and more particularly designing of projects that will be drawn to development of space and information technologies, biomedicine, and nanomaterials were of participants’ interest. Southern Federal University’s developments in these spheres are very significant.

The work on building of innovative cluster of biomedicine, biotechnologies, and ecological safety is in progress. Moreover the following megaprojects of SFEDU widen: research in the sphere of nanotechnologies, biotechnologies, information and telecommunication technologies, design of marine, aero and rocket-space machines, humanitarian research, and architecture and fine art. Nine projects of the university won grants of the Russian Science Fund in the year 2014. These are developments in the spheres of chemistry and material science, engineering, physics and spice science, fundamental researches for medicine.

Within the frameworks of the forum several agreements were signed. The meeting of Russian and Korean students took place. Young activists of 11 Russian and Korean universities considered questions on internationalization of education and adopt a resolution with suggestions to development of academic exchange.

CollectivePicture by FEFU Press Office

30.11.2014

 

Professor of Faculty of Physics of SFEDU won Wilhelm Leibniz Medal

Vitaliy Topolov, Professor of Chair of technical Physics of Faculty of Physics of SFEDU visited Munic. He took part in the 2nd International scientific conference”Education and Science without Borders” and in awarding ceremonies of European Scientific and Industrial Consortium.

Professor Vitaliy Topolov won Leibniz Prize in Technical sciences, Physics and Mathematics; also he won a medal “European Quality” for his three scientific monographs published by Springer (Germany, Great Britain) in 2009, 2012, and 2014. These monographs are of interest of readers of 20 European countries. Awarding ceremony took place in Bayerische Hof Hotel, downtown Munich; it was held in course of the conference.

25.11.2014

 


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